Arduino Exhaust Temperature Sensor

May 14, 2017

When we started to have problems with the sea water pump on our engine, I was reminded how important an exhaust temperature alarm is. As our pump was failing, each time we’d take a big wave, air would enter the engine’s sea water intake and the failing pump wouldn’t prime. This happened a few times but I’m sensitive enough to sounds that I immediately caught the change in the exhaust sound. If I’d missed it, there would’ve been problems.

In the event of a raw cooling water failure, long before an engine with a wet exhaust system overheats, exhaust system components like the rubber exhaust hose or plastic water lift can start to melt. This could be a catastrophic failure.

There are commercially available monitors and alarms available. I was looking at the EX-1 from NASA Marine (pictured below)…

They run about $300 or so and I’m not wild about drilling a hole in the exhaust hose for the sensor. I thought I could do better, so I built my own using some readily available Arduino processor parts from Jaycar Electronics. (I probably spent about $100 for parts, and I only spent 30 or 40 hours building and programming the thing. Let me see… at ten cents an hour for my labor, the total cost was only about $140! But really, I did it for fun.) Here’s what I came up with…

Arduino Exhuast Temperature Monitor Installed
The non-contact IR temperature sensor in an improvised housing.
This is the IR sensor I used, made by FreeTronics.
Sensor installed, aiming at the metal exhaust elbow, below the point of water injection.

And as long as I had all that processing power (the Arduino processors are powerful little computers), I added a water and oil alarm. Since I planned to mount all this where it wasn’t easily visible, I used a piezo alarm to sound morse code signals for any failures:

W, dit dah dah, for water temperature high alarm
O, dah dah dah for oil pressure low alarm
X, dit dah dah dit for exhaust temperature high alarm.

If you should be foolish enough to want to do this yourself, here’s all the code for the project. Help yourself. Use it any way you’d like. (Keep in mind that I used some libraries that have their own reuse rules.) -Rich

Here’s the Arduino code: eng-alarm-6

UPDATE: On the way to New Caledonia our exhaust elbow started to clog up (again!). Before there was any overheating, I could see the problem indicated by a rise in my exhaust elbow temperature from it’s normal 100° F to about 130° F. I didn’t do anything about it until we got into Noumea other than run the engine at a little lower RPM. In Noumea, I cleaned out the exhaust elbow (again!) and also found some clogging in the heat exchanger (see this post about our raw water strainer).

Now I wish I’d mounted my little alarm where I could easily see it and not in the lazarette since it’s such a good engine monitoring tool.

Share this post? Share on FacebookShare on Google+Tweet about this on TwitterPin on PinterestShare on LinkedIn